This survey is carried out in order to be used in master thesis* of Melike Mühür, who studies Industrial Product Design at Istanbul Technical University in Turkey. It is prepared in order to be conducted among the Fab Lab participants.
Mühür, M. (2014). Bir üretim merkezi önerisi "Fab Lab"ın "Açık Tasarım"ın gerçekleştirilmesinin bir aracı olarak değerlendirilmesi. MSc thesis, İstanbul Technical University, Graduate School of Science, Engineering and Technology. İstanbul, Turkey. retrieved from: https://opendesigninfablab.blogspot.com.
Mühür, M. (2014). Bir üretim merkezi önerisi "Fab Lab"ın "Açık Tasarım"ın gerçekleştirilmesinin bir aracı olarak değerlendirilmesi. Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi. İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü. İstanbul. alındığı adres: https://opendesigninfablab.blogspot.com.
1. Why do/did you use Fab Lab?
|I attend(ed) educational class organized by Fab Lab.||16||18%|
|I work(ed) as an employee or as a volunteer||40||44%|
|I use(d) for personal or commercial purposes as an independent individual||23||26%|
2. How long do you use Fab Lab?
- 2 years
- 2 years
- 18 months
- 3 month
- 20 hrs/wk
- 3 years
- 7 month
- I have been using the CUC Fab Lab for 2 years
- First month of opening
- Our FabLab build is in progress
- Everyday for the past 7 months
- 3 years, recently 20 hours a week
- A medium of 2 full days for week
- Since the damn thing exist
- I use it as much as possible
- 3 months
- 6 month
- 10 years
- 35 hours/week
- 2.5 years
- 1 year
- half years
- Since 2007
- 8 years
- 5 years
- 2+ years
- 1.5 years
- 5 years
- Only a few months
- 6 months
- 3 months for now, I just found it so late
- Almost 1 year
- One week (about 6 hours total)
- 5 months
3. How do you define Fab Lab?
- A place where you meet people to exchange on how to build the future.
- A place where limitations do not exist. A dream "Maker". :)
- A place to go to see my ideas come to fruition, where I have access to bright individuals from all disciplines. I think FabLab is a community.
- We can meet any kind of worker in FabLab. We can get passion and knowledge from them.
- A place with lots of technology that an be used by everyone without physical or ideological restrictions
- A node of a global network of spaces, with similar digital fabbing machines and people with a lot of skills sharing fabbing processes and interest on some common shared projects.
- Our lab is located in co-working space and most of our tenants takes part in some kind of creative industry (ex: product designer, architects). I guess collaborating with those professionals is one of our feature.
- Fab lab is a place you can create almost anything including network of people, knowledges and tools all over the world.
- An open access workshop foir digital fabrication and knowledge sharing. A node in a worldwide network.
- an open facility for computer based design and fabrication
- is like an hub
- Creative space to make just about anything.
- An open space filled with tools, processes and people willing to share!
- Place where there are specific tools and expertise to prototype and is open to the public at liste one day a week. A place that respect the FabLab charter.
- Open access workshop that supports communities in making, repairing and learning about things.
- FabLab Amsterdam is a place where you can develop new products, create new techniques and innovate traditional crafts. But also a place to do networking, meet other creative people and start interesting projects. And definitely a new education system, where you learn by doing helped by the expertise of who works here.
- I am an educator. Teach students and community how to use equipment.
- open source digital fabrication research laboratory
- A Fab Lab is a place where anyone can build anything. It is a place that gives everyone the same access and opportunities, no matter who you are. It is a place of possibilities.
- Networked space with CNC machines, computers and people and shared knowledge to make things
- A non-commercial space for sharing technical knowledge / theoretical / empirical where we go back to the basic digital pure materials. A prominent place is given at DIY and put cross relationship (see down) between all the areas of science and technology that are currently separated by the conventional educational and entrepreneurial system.
- A FabLab is a community digital manufacturing workshop. Its objective is to share knowledge and technologies between its community and thus helping innovation through experiments and coworking.
- #collaborate with other company #collaborate with creator and designer (professional )
- One particular brand in the “maker movement” ecosystem, characterized by (verbal) emphasis on the network, “soft” standardization (processes, not makes), and a strong link into education
- Community workshop were people can share high-end tools, knowledge and know-how. It's an international network of labs where you can replicate projects, work on common objective and reinforce the global community.
- A platform to connect people, ideas and good projects, to share, and materialize those ideas over digital machines.
- A place to prototype. It is a space where someone can try out ideas and create physical models.
- A Fabrication Laboratory that enables individuals and organizations in research, entrepreneurship, art and education. It is like a modern day inventor's workshop. Fab Labs try to make advanced tools and ideas available for many people - through open source and open access to the public.
- A lab
- Community multipurpose maker space, part of a global network.
- High Tech Workshop for everybody
- It's actually a Makespace where I go. A place where to build your own stuff.
- it's a production, research, design incubator space
- My definition follows the fablab charter, however the fablab my work is related to have a more commercial focus in which the lab is used as facilities for designing and testing rapid prototypes to validate the technical and market potential of new ideas
- It is a place to share ideas and knowledge, try out or explore something new, play around with all the tools, softwares and machines available. Perfect to build a prototype. You can just ask anyone you meet there and he/she will be openminded and helpful.
- open access laboratories Places with similar machines but different people allowing global sharing of ideas and designs.
- 1. making innovation with the collection of low-cost obsolete technologies 2. precise documentation 3. global network of hacker 4. creative commons
- A Fab Lab allows us to create things virtually, then bring the finished work into the analog world.
- An area focused on solving problems, creating solutions and sharing information/processes in innovative and creative ways using a variety of techniques and (cnc) machinery.
- Fabrication laboratory where people can share knowledge Digital Fabrication Lab, where you can make things
- A space with tools and machinery available to develop projects. A community of people who provides the knowledge necessary to learn how to use these tools and related skills.
- tremendous amount of knowledge packed on a very little space. :)
- open hightech lab for everyone - to get easily in contact with new technolgies - mixture of people in the FabLab: age, knowledge,.. - learn from and with each other
- Open prototyping platform to help and support everybody that needs to materialize locally a product idea a space to think, co-create and fabricate
- Set of digital fabrication tools
- A place to use advanced machines to make things
- A forum for the exploration and collaboration of digital fabrication technology.
4. Please choose 5 prominent features of Fab Lab? (Please choose 5 options and specify anything you want to add in the other box.)
|being new craft||10||3%|
|defining non-market needs||4||1%|
|production on demand||11||4%|
- learning from and with each other
5. Please choose 5 features of Fab Lab which motivate people and encourage them to participate in? (Please choose 5 options and specify anything you want to add in the other box.)
|being new craft||10||3%|
|defining non-market needs||7||2%|
|production on demand||14||5%|
- learning from and with each other
- access to machines
- social aspects
6. Which ones do you think can be the negative aspects/results of Fab Lab? (Please choose 5 options and specify anything you want to add in the other box.)
|requirement of technical knowledge||17||7%|
|glorification of amateurism||10||4%|
|restrictive production methods||12||5%|
|chaotic working environment||18||8%|
|creating too much waste||12||5%|
|difficulty in being motivated||7||3%|
- working 70 hours a week
- Limited access to the machines.
- bad members (selfish, don't want to share, etc...) + non-qualified members that could wound themselves or others
- none observed
- lack of documentation / documenting is not fun / documentation ≠ sharing // localism
- energy inefficiency, almost none of the above
- none for now...
7. Do you know anything about Open (Hardware) Design?
8. If yes, how do you define Open (Hardware) Design? (If no, please go to last Question.)
- Open Hardware Design is a collaborative process of designing new hardware in collaboration under specific licensing schemes that allow other to reuse and modify existing knowledge in specific circumstances.
- Like open source for softwares applied to tangible things
- Using common, open-source elements to make hardware
- Much like open source software, open hardware is shared (hardware)designs that are vetted, improved, or modified to adapt to particular purposes by the participating community of users.
- Using others ideas and creations in new ways, to make things do things they were never intentionally designed to do, and creating new products because of it.
- Design and production of open-source physical objects.
- Design that is not a product on its own, but that is the result of cooperation with other parties and that might be used in other parties work as well.
- Something like Arduino.
- the future :D
- something like aruduino traslate opensource to hardware from software
- Basically: translating the 4 freedoms (study, copy, share, fork) from FLOSS to hardware Furthermore: struggling with the two dimensions of open access and open contribution and not succeeding in combining them
- Hardware or design that are ment to be "hackable"/user customizable and transparant in function to the end-user. Therefore also repairable and recyclable.
- Hardware designs, components, schedules, materials that are developed in an open source way between many and shared for the communal betterment of the items.
- Open Design is a design that is accessible and open for everyone.
- you know how it's made
- It is a network of improving design /hardware for personal use shared through internet and used openly by the user.
- Tool for development.
- Same as open source for software: plans, drawings, schematics available for free. Parts available for a small fee covering the cost of materials and labor.
- Not expensive
- Open Hardware design is a mean of copyright allowing sharing and re-use of technology under a number of conditions. Open Hardware is used to encourage innovation and use of an invention/product. Open Hardware can prove to be a good base for clever businesses (Arduino, Ultimaker, Linux...)
- Open source hardware like arduino or all physical projects we are publishing online
- Arduino, OpenDesk...
- An idea that was thought to be hacked/expanded/ameliorated from the beginning.
- Difficult to define. But, I can say that is the freedom to include the object in an open system, and define the grade of openness and collaboration that the creator wants for that object.
- physical world (not software)
- Collaborative processes taking place on- and offline in which co-designers meet, generate and improve ideas., Increasingly this is facilitated by the more than 340 fablabs worldwide.
- As design on hardware that's open, i.e. shared and accessible to everyone.
- People who create (novels, photos, products) own the things they create. Access to those things for the purpose of modifying them must be approved by the person who created them. In Open Design, the creator specifies what can and can't be modified by others. It gives the public the right to modify things for purposes such as customization and making things better.
- hardware design with creative commons. the designer should determine which cc is a good choice.
- Open Design is design that is looking for collaboration, interaction and development through sharing cut sheets that we can all access, personalise and develop. This means that when download a open design project we can adapt the object to our needs, that vary in a lot of ways, from country to social environment to background.Hardware plans and specifications that are available for free online for others to build on with specific hardware and production areas. Items like Arduino which can be modular and crowd sourced and plugged into tools like 3D printers
- 'Open' in the sense of 'not secret'. Anybody can see the specs and learn from them to rebuild or improve the design.
- Design the specifications of which are released with open licenses.
- the source is there for anyone to reproduce and use or sell under a specific terms (ex: Arduino, people can reproduce but can not sell under the name of Arduino).
- OHS definition, similar to FLOSS extended to hardware - good example: Arduino
- Easily accessible design and construction plans for the shared production and advancement of ideas.
9. Please choose 5 prominent features of Open (Hardware) Design for you? (Please choose 5 options and specify anything you want to add in the other box.)
|being new craft||3||1%|
|defining non-market needs||6||2%|
|production on demand||12||4%|
10. Have you ever taken part in any Open (Hardware) Design practices in Fab Lab?
11. If yes, How many practices have you taken part? (If no, please pass next two questions.)
- a lot
- too many to count
- More than 100
12. What was your roles in these practices? (designer, user, producer, modifier etc..)
- user, modifier
- Producer, user
- observer - participant
- designer, producer
- designer, user, producer and modifier.Using Arduino for digital art
- To make cnc milling machine and To make simply a 3d structure out of 2d designs for laser cutter
- Designer, modifier, and producer. I think of alternate ways of using things a lot.
- User, modifier. A few times
- Designer and producer
- producer, designer.
- mainly modifier, sometimes user
- fab lab manager
- process design, producer
- mostly modifier. I used to ruse a lot of schematics available on the net (tube amps, guitar effects, robots, electronics in general, radio, energy)
- It varies, sometimes designer, sometimes producer, sometimes modifier, sometimes facilitator of the proces, sometimes teacher
- Designer, modifier, brain storming, organizer, project leader.
- the content and knowledge I produce is shared
- designer, materializing
- Designer, team leader, user
13. What are the motivations do you think behind the decision of taking part in an Open (Hardware) Design project?
- global vetting and affordability
- Creating something great
- desire to share with others
- Possibility to redefine the Design profession, rethinking the role of the Design and the products.
- Cheap, accessibility, peer help, innovation.
- There can be a lot of motivations : - sharing the invention, to see the product being replicated a lot (for instance, Protei drone, to encourage people to build them and clean the oceans from oil leakage) - marketing point of view, to let the product be known by a targeted audience (ex: Ultimaker, when they displayed the OpenSource drawings of their Ultimaker 2 3D printer, which give them a lot of interests from FabLabs and other Open-source minded people) - multiplying a technology for commercial purposes (for instance selling a service or a copyrighted product needed by the users of the opensource product) - as a mean of protection against worrying commercial practices (OpenSource seeds for instance, to fight copy-righted seeds) - as a mean of innovation (to encourage the technology to be used in other projects)
- Being "a part" of the final product NA Create new solutions for new problems, using or developing new/old technologies. Being rounded of diferent tecnologies and knowledges. that are capable of develop the next, "state of art" products, ideas, elements. Stay in the cable, of receive information, like this survey, from turkey, to spain :)
- Sharing and seeing forks of theses projects
- The problem to be solved.
- Already working prototypes, expermenting and save time to design and ganerate g-code.
- be part of innovation process accesibility making things move faster be creative meet other people share and expand your knowledge base Sharing culture.
- Interest in customizing machines and processes.
- Most people want to feel included, that it won't be a waste of time, that they are making something better than what was there originally. Those who have a strong interest in certain Open Design projects also want to achieve a specific goal. Some, like me, see participation in an Open Design project as a way to share what we know and learn from others
- Making the process of making more egalitarian.
- open source development
- My personal motivation was to bring in my own expertise and to learn about the process. I can only speculate on other people’s motivation: learning opportunity, ego gratification, networking...
- Free culture & production; changing economy and social relations
- It is for a business using Open.
- design as a solution of social problem
- Find adapted solutions to problems.
- never heard of it
- innovation and improving our world
- Passion for the product or technology
- I'm not really interested by the "design" which in my opinion devalues the intrinsic value of a machine or a tool to make it past an object of replaceable and disposable consumption from its appearance seems outdated (which implies a misunderstanding profound from the end user) ... In a cake, what counts is not the icing but its flavor and value nutitive!
- We inherit a lot of donated equipment. Often we get open hardware projects people started but don't know how to finish. There is often not enough documentation and help and support to help people to get their gizmos to work - its contrary to the mission of being open access when machines are hard to use so we try to make the processes easier for others.
- making progress
- helping the people realize their dream
- Free and Sharing
- Mainly curiosity and the willingness to share knowledge and experiences.
- It gives the designer and the user a wider perspective and possibilities of design, seeking solutions for social/enviromental challenges. It also outgrows networks within communities and societies, and collides diverse backgrounds to work together.
- Legacy,resources,free and fast informations exchange
- I don't participate in any Open Hardware Design practices at the moment.
- Saving Money, Contributing to science
- creating better designs, better products that grow through sharing
- the need to access information comes full circle: the more I share, the more there is available to me...
- To create things that you want to see exist, even if it is just for you, or just for a small group of people.
- The fablab and fablab global network is an excellent base and mechanism for open design and the sharing of ideas. Given the ethos of transparency, open-source and collaboration that is associated with the fablab global network, each lab strives to build on the knowledge base that exists.
- One pitfall in the ease of access to shared files and documentation is the lack of a central fablab data base where designs may be stored and accessed. Instead ideas are shared via student's webpages, lab websites and online hosting sites. This could be a major area for improvement in the fablab network to promote file sharing and collaboration.
14. What percent of the Fablab projects do you think are Open (Hardware) Design projects?
- I didn't go through it yet
- about 80%
- Easily 90%
- don’t know at all
- dont know
15. Could you please evaluate Fab Lab as a tool for Open (Hardware) Design?
- At least our Makespace allows and fosters it I believe it is an extremely valuable tool.
- Really nice! Very important tool.
- It´s perfect. But we need to work better in the real collaboration and define better the rules.
- It provide a framework in which one can develop an idea with the local and global community
- Fab Lab is a platform where Open (Hardware) Design can easily be practices (within the technical restrictions each individual lab poses). Fab Labs generally are a great environment to *discuss* Open (Hardware) Design ... but I am not sure they are the best place to *practice* it, but I would not know of any place better, currently.
- Not at this point
- It is a perfect venue for open hardware, if the projects are crowdfunded or will be offered to the public. One draw back: already established companies would rather pay by the hour to access the facilities and keep their intellectual property...
- NA ?
- ideal tool .
- Open community and coincedence
- Fab Lab is the perfect place to share projects, ideas and designs through, it outreaches everyone (those who are interested in the topic) and has potential to engage those who did not have the initiative in the first place.
- not enough.
- Prerequisite for extending open (hardware) design to the ordinary people, who otherwise have no acces to rapid manufaturing facilities
- The perfect place.
- No. accessibility to the machines were quite limited. expensive to use. also, some fab lab does not have the same equipment as fab lab inventory.
- Well yes, still there are limitations of materials like making laser cutted plywoods are typical fablab open hardware designs and having the same language and machines makes it easy to share knowledges on how to produce a product with different materials. Except fab academy, there is no site with title of 'open hardware design'. Students of fab academy sometimes upload stl files, g codes, dxfs and the like which needs to be organized.
- No, i can't evaluate this aspect
- Fab Lab is a fantastic tool for Open Design because it is iterative and distributed. A Fab Lab is a place that generates ideas and creativity. The more you learn about things, the more you can see possibilities that exist in the things all around you.
- No, as I don't participate in any Open Hardware Design practices at the moment.
- The Fab Lab itself is an institution and/or building so it's not really a tool. But it is a place that has people, resources and collaboration that make open hardware more possible. It all depends on the FabLab structure and objectives. For instance at the NavLab, we will offer workshop accesses where people will have to work on Open projects only, but also coworking offices where people can copyright their inventions as they want. FabLabs are great for innovation and their public is usually "Open" minded, which should encourage Open Hw/Source projects.
- It is a possibility to easily reproduce or develop ideas of others.
- great tools for this process
- it's a good tool
- It depends on the organization of the Fab Lab. Organization too often is focussed onmachine operations alone. To reach further goals, you have to organizae knowledge management and define services to certain target groups.
- They need to improve a lot, but they have excellent potential
- It accommodates a large portion of what is needed for Open Design Yes maybe.
- perfect It could be a nice platform for Open Design. But the documentation platform should be united for all Fablabs as a criteria for being a Fablab - that is to be included in the Fab Charter users of the local Fablab are requred to share on the global documentation platform (dream scenario).
- Of course, but the people of the Fab_Lab, that have spent a time developing ideas, need to be rewarded for this time, in the thing that is bieng innovated. I think its an open place with the tools and means for create. What the people create has to be on their own if they decide to make it open or restricted.
- Fablab and other maker spaces are potentially good places for open (hardware) design and particularly open user engagement where real users can contribute to the design and functionality of the hardware that they wish to use.
- Excellent knowledgeable community, easy to get everyone together, working on a project Could be very good.
- perfect places for OHD
- amazing place
- Open Access FabLabber's Mind
16. Is there any Fablab community linked to Open (Hardware) Design?
- reprap raspberry pi
- RepRap, Arduino, MTM, Fab Academy...
- Most fablabs in Denmark are, but perhaps labitat is the most open one, although it is predominantly a hackerspace. See http://www.makersofdenmark.dk/ ?
- I have no idea. Usually a lot of communities linked to FabLabs are Open communities (Linux, Arduino users etc...)
- There are tons of local, minimal initiatives that would certainly label themselves as such (and I’ve seen sooo many Fab Labs). Probably the most mature one is the Ultimaker community (Ultimaker having been developed at a Fab Lab, turned into a product and being used in Fab Labs again). Generally, Rep Rap style 3D printers is probably the umbrella term for this (but spans a much wider range of spaces than just Fab Labs). The MIT-born technologies (fab modules, kokompe) would probably claim that they are examples, but in actual fact these are Gershenfeld products pushed onto some parts of the community...
- Fab Lab Sevilla, Fab Lab Utrecht, Fab Lab Nancy, Fab Lab Lyon, Garagem Fab Lab.
- Local community for Engineer and designer. Amsterdam is good for Open Design.
- Hacker space THE fab lab community is.
- i think most of all, at least the ones i know. yest, i think amsterdam waag fab lab explicitly
- Yes, the fablab at MIT which is MTM Project.
- mostly anything arduino... to name one.
- Ideally, all Fab Labs should be linked to open hardware design. If they are not, I do not think they should be considered a Fab Lab. I think all Fablabs and other makersapces are all loosley linked to open (hardware) design and open source approach more broadly.
- The Fab Modules and the MIT network / class
17. What is your age and occupation?
- > 50 designer/artist
- 32 architect maker
- 39 teacher
- 32, student and entrepreneur
- 25 university student
- 25, Technical IT Consultant
- 35, ceo fablab
- 35, programmer and makerspace mananger
- 30, operations director Fab Lab Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA
- 48 Art Teacher
- 38 - CEO
- 31, consultant
- 34, professor and owner of a start up about makers methodology
- 44 - Fablab Manager Copenhagen Fablab
- 48; Fab Lab researcher and activist; Research Professor
- 35 engineer
- 26, Lab Engineer & Project Leader
- 26, almost Arquitect, 2d/3d designer.
- 29 , technical support
- 30 developer
- 23 - Fab Lab Manager at icecairo
- Fab Manager / 32
- 33 yo, NavLab founder / FabManager
- 36, Director of Operations for The S.T.E.A.M. Room Fab Lab
- 37 Architect
- 31, fab lab manager
- 52 / professor
- 61 administrator
- 33 / IT company owner
- Serverside Engineer, Hardware Designer, Growth Hacker
- 30, architect/designer
- 64, consultant
- 26, fashion and textile designer and intern at fablab Amsterdam since 7 months
- 36, Physicist
- 56 retired engineer
- 35, design thinker, artist
- 31 educator
- 31 engineer
- industrial designer
- 46, Technology Coordinator for a small school system in Maine, USA.
- 41, electronics teacherw
- 24, M.Eng., scientist/researcher in automation
- 25, Program Director at Maine FabLab
- 28, teacher
- 30, FabLab Director
- 26 - student.
- 71, retired
- 30 years, land-surveyor
- 32, FabLabShibuya Director